Reactive arthritis: Preliminary microbiologic analysis of the human temporomandibular joint

Purpose: The presence of Chlamydia trachomatis has been previously shown in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This study investigated whether the presence of other bacteria associated with reactive arthritis (ReA) can be identified in the TMJ.

Materials and Methods: Posterior bilaminar tissue removed during TMJ surgery from 26 patients (24 F, 2 M) was evaluated for the presence of C trachomatis, Mycoplasma fermentans, Mycoplasma genitalium, Campylobacter jejuni, Yersinia enterocolitica, Salmonella spp, and Shigella spp by highly specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays.

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